Natural Gas Meter

What’s The Difference Between a Natural Gas Supplier and a Gas Utility?

Choosing the right natural gas plan can be complicated, and it’s made even more so by all the different options, terminology and contract terms.

One of the most confusing points for most consumers is the difference between a natural gas supplier, or provider, and a natural gas utility. They’re both crucial for getting the natural gas to your home or business, and they may both even appear on your monthly gas bill, but they play very different roles in the process.

Knowing what each one does, and how they fit together in the gas delivery process, can help you feel more confident when it comes to picking your natural gas provider.

What is a Gas Utility?

Gas utilities are local distribution companies (LDCs) that own and operate the means for natural gas to be delivered to your home or business.

The gas utility owns the infrastructure that delivers natural gas to factories, shops and homes in a given area. The local utility company will read your natural gas meter and bill you for monthly usage. In a deregulated state, your gas utility company may or may not be the company that supplies your natural gas if you have chosen an alternative gas supplier. Choosing an alternative natural gas supplier does not impact the delivery or quality of the natural gas that you receive.

What is a Natural Gas Supplier?

With natural gas deregulation, customers have the power to choose the company that supplies natural gas to their homes and businesses. There are many benefits to this type of market, including competitive pricing, great customer service, and innovative products.

A natural gas supplier is a company that sources natural gas for delivery to customers. They are generally energy companies that buy natural gas commodity contracts on the wholesale market then re-sells it to retail customers. Every state that is deregulated requires their retail energy providers be licensed or certified by the state in order to sell natural gas. Your state’s public utility commission website keeps an up to date list of these authorized suppliers.

Switching to an authorized alternative natural gas provider is easy. Read: How to Switch Natural Gas Suppliers >>

What’s the Difference Between the Two?

Natural gas suppliers and utility companies play very different roles in the process of getting gas to customers. For deregulation to work and for customers to continue enjoying the savings it creates, these two entities roles have clear and distinct roles.

The natural gas suppliers provide or purchase the actual commodity. They are responsible for fulfilling their customer’s natural gas requirements using the infrastructure provided by the gas utility. Natural gas suppliers are also responsible for marketing natural gas to customers in the form of the different types of contracts they offer.

The utilities, on the other hand, are responsible for the actual delivery of natural gas to your home or business.

They own the infrastructure, and they are responsible for maintaining it to ensure reliable and safe delivery to the community. You call the gas utility company when you have problem with your gas delivery, or if you smell gas and there is a danger of leaking gas or broken pipes.

In most areas, the utility will continue to bill the customer regardless of whether the customer has chosen an alternative natural gas supplier or not. There will simply be different supplier information included in the details on the gas bill from your utility. You will not lose service if you choose to switch natural gas suppliers.